According to dermatologists, organ transplant is basically moving of an organ from one person’s body to another’s. The person from who the organ is obtained is called the donor while the receiving person is called the recipient. This process is in most cases if not all caused by failure of an organ in the recipient’s body. Different states have different protocols and regulations that govern the transplant process but the basics are more or less the same. Not all organs in the human body can be transplanted and some of the common transplanted organs are the heart, the liver, the kidney, the lungs, the pancreas and the thymus among others. Let us now get to see the process of transplanting an organ.
When an individual is almost dying the physician or doctor who is in charge contacts the donor network first. The doctor or whoever who is in charge then gives out confidential information about the state of the patient that will determine if the patient is a potential donor or not. After this has been effected a transplant specialist is summoned to the location of the patient who has been identified as a potential donor. The specialist then evaluates the stated condition of the patient and the corresponding condition of the organs so that he or she can be able to determine if the organs are suitable for transplant or not basing their medical state. This judgment is made by weighing a variety of options for instance the patient’s past medical grounds and the medical condition that brought down the person.
The step that follows after that is the declaration of death. There are two situations that can arise from this stage of the transplant process. The first instance is called the cardiac death and it occurs in the case of a devastating neurological injury or a situation of terminal illness. In such cases some families and friends of the patient may opt to pull off the life supporting services and the patient will be eligible to start donating his or her organs once his or her heart stops beating. The organ network is supposed to be contacted in such a case so that they can organize for the screening of the patient and also seeking the family’s consent for the donation situation. If the family consents to the donation then the life supporting services are pulled off and the organs can be recovered within an hour as the heart stops beating after an hour.
On the second situation called the neurological death donation is done after the patient has been declared brain dead. It should be noted that a brain dead patient is a dead patient. This case is the irreversible loss of the brain and its function and a neurosurgeon must perform tests six hours apart to determine whether a patient is brain dead. After this death has been ascertained then the organs can be retrieved. It should be noted that the retrieval of these organs can only be done after the family of the patient consents to the retrieval.
One step that is forgotten more often than not is the contacting of a coroner or a county medical examiner before the retrieving begins. All patients that are waiting for an organ transplant are listed in the relevant authority along with their specific details regarding their condition and so on. The list is dynamic since some people die waiting for the organs, others receive organs and new others are added to the list. Organs that are found are allocated to the patients according to the urgency, the waiting time and the compatibility of the organ among others.
Once an organ has been found a patient is then allocated and the transplant process is initiated and done so that the organ can be recovered in the recipient’s body. The information regarding the donation is then sent to the family of the donor regarding the details of the transplant process while preserving the confidentiality of the recipient. The costs of the process are then billed to the respective network and the donor family and the donor hospital are then paid by the donor network. That is the whole transplant process.